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Home Growers and Brewers Guide to Hops

Home Growers and Brewers Guide to Hops

Posted by Janet Thomas on

Hops are the cone shaped flowers of a perennial vine-growing plant. They are one of the 4 main ingredients of beer and have been long used to add bitter components to beers. Without hops, beer would be overly sweet. Not all hops are created equal though. Beer flavor and aroma are largely determined by the variety, quality and growing conditions of the hops it contains. There are now hundreds of different kinds of hops. To help you with your next homebrew, we have listed some of the more popular hops and their aromas.

Amarillo: Flowery, Citrusy Orange like aroma.

Apollo: Orange and Grapefruit, Spicy, Resiny.

Bullion: Black Currant & Catty. Used mainly for bittering.

Bravo: Floral & Fruity, Earthy and Spicy.

Calypso: Pear, Apple, Berry. Fruity aroma.

Cascade: Very popular hop among craft brewers and very common in IPA’s. Spicy, Flowery, Citrusy, Grapefruit.

Centennial: Among the most popular hop used by US craft brewers. Floral, Citrus, Citrusy, Piney.

Challenger: Spicy,Bitter.

Chinook: Spicy, Piney, Grapefruit.

Citra: Very fruity, Strong Citrus, Lime, Tropical, Grapefruit, Melon, Lime, Passion Fruit, Peach, Apricot, Grapefruit, Melon,  Gooseberry, Pineapple, Mango, Papaya.

Columbus: Strong Bitterness, Herbal with a pleasant aroma.

Delta: Citrusy, Spicy.

Fuggle: Spicy, Fruity, Mint and Woody.

Galaxy: Citrus, Passion Fruit.

Hallertau: Low in Bitterness and high in Aroma. Flowery and Spicy

Magnum: Strong Bitterness, Spice, Citrus.

Mosaic: Hoppy and strong tasting, used in IPA’s and Pale Ales. Citrus, Tropical Fruit.

Nelson Sauvin: Fruity, White Wine, Berry.

Northdown: Clean Bitter.

Nugget: Strong and heavy Bitter, Spicy, Herbal.

Simcoe: Woodsy, Piney, Passionfruit, Apricot.

Sorachi Ace: Tangy hop often used in wheat beers. Lemon, Bitter.

Summit: Citrus, Herbal.

Target: Intense Herbal, Floral, Mild Citrus.

Willamette: Flowery, Fruity, Spicy, Earthy.